Strategic Priority Two: Social Development Services
The United Nations Strategic Framework aims at achieving five key outcomes for social development services.
- Sustained and equitable universal health coverage with emphasis on primary health care especially for the most vulnerable and in remote areas.
- Enhanced services to address communicable and non-communicable diseases, maternal and childhood diseases especially those experienced by the most vulnerable women and children.
- Strengthened health emergency preparedness and response capacity.
- Coordinated, equitable and sustainable WASH coverage in households, learning institutions and health facilities, especially the most underserved.
- Improved quality and equity in pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary education and in technical and vocation education and training.
Through targeted support, the United Nations assists the Government to:
- Support development and implementation of a national sexual reproductive health strategy
- Advocate for expansion of choice for family planning (method mix) and informed family planning decision-making
- Strengthen institutional capacity to deliver high quality sexual reproductive health services at national and sub-national levels, including:
- professional development for midwives and obstetricians
- capacity to undertake maternal death surveillance and response
- Provide essential life-saving sexual reproductive health supplies and drugs, including provinces vulnerable to natural calamities
- Support evidence based interventions such as Early Induced Breastfeeding / Early Breastfeeding
- Focus Integrated Management of Newborn and Child illnesses on major causes of under-five mortality in 50 counties, providing essential medicines and basic equipment
- Deliver immunization services in all counties
- Conduct a Expanded Programme on Immunization Coverage Evaluation Survey
- Conduct a Electronic Vaccine Monitoring assessment – 2018
- Deliver preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for tuberculosis
- Support enrolment of multi-drug resistant TB cases
- Introduce a ‘service package’ for each level of the health care delivery system
- Further strengthen the delivery of maternal, reproductive and child health services
- Integrate prevention, diagnosis and management of Non-Communicable Diseases and their risk factors at Ri level
- Further develop country capacity to mitigate and response to emergencies including epidemic and pandemic prone diseases
- Improve access to sustainable clean water supplies, ensure water qualities, promote improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including safe management of excreta in 8 counties
- Support complement local resources to establish gravity-fed water systems in 9 counties
- Develop guidance on gender standards in WASH
- Increased Immunization coverage from 43% in 1998 to 96% 2016 and introduction of new vaccines
- Consolidation and expansion of the National Tuberculosis Control programme and pre-elimination of malaria in DPRK
- Expansion of Community Integrated Management of Newborn and Childhood Illnesses
- Expansion of e-Health system including Health Management Information System
- Expansion of sexual reproductive health services and introduction of guidelines
- Development of essential package of Services for Household Doctors and Midwives
- Improvement in technical capacity of household doctors, midwives, and health care worker/providers and managers at all levels
- Improvement of the Logistics Management System across the country
- Water assessments in 45 counties completed
- New improved “Harmless Sanitary Toilet” (rural latrine) introduced
- Technical capacity building of County/ Ri level WASH technicians on GFS system
- Construction of water supply systems, mainly gravity fed systems in county town and villages
- Promotion of improved sanitary facilities and hygienic behaviors
- Emergency support of WASH kits and rehabilitation of WASH services
- Early Learning development standards developed and adopted nationwide kindergarten in 2015
- Introduction of child friendly school framework and child centred teaching
- Comprehensive quality interventions in boarding schools
- Midwifery curriculum revised in line with international standards and introduced on pilot basis
- Initiation of under-graduate programme in demography at the Population Institute, Kim Il Sung University
- Curriculum reform for maths and English for school